Using ‘Will’ & ‘Going to’ to Make Predictions

Using 'Will' & 'Going to' to Make Predictions

Hi Everybody

In today’s blog post we are going to take a quick look at using future tenses, in particular in what contexts we use will and what contexts we use going to. Both will and going to can be used to make predictions about the future, however there is a slight difference in when we use them.

Using Will

Normally we use will  to express a prediction based on personal opinion. For example:

  • I think the Conservatives will win the election.
  • In my opinion language will evolve in the future.
  • I reckon that this will be the busiest holiday season yet.
  • It is my belief that marriage will be a thing of the past in the future!
  • I think that the cities will get overpopulated in the future.

Clases de Inglés Sevilla

Oferta!

Be Going to

Normally we use be going to to make predictions based on evidence. For example:

  • The conservatives are going to win the election, they already have most of the votes.
  • The boat has a hole in it so it’s going to sink.
  • Richard’s going to pick up his phone because it’s ringing.
  • The children are really tired, I think they are going to fall asleep soon.
  • The kettle has just boiled so they’re going to make a cup of tea.

 

If you have any questions please leave a comment below.

Jack’s Music Box – Radiohead: Fake Plastic Trees

Jack's Music Box - Radiohead: Fake Plastic Trees

Hi folks!

Welcome back to another edition of Jack’s Music Box. Today we are going to be looking at Radiohead’s Fake Plastic Trees.

The Artist

Radiohead are a band that needs no introduction. The five members of the band met whilst at school in Oxford. In 1985 they formed the band however under a different name: On a Friday, because this was the day that they would rehearse. 

In late 1991 the band signed with EMI and changed their name to Radiohead, after a Talking Heads song. In 1992 the band released its debut single Creep which would become a worldwide hit. Following on from Creep the band released their debut album Pablo Honey in 1993.

Dissatisfied with their first album and feeling the pressure to match the success of Creep, the band returned to the studio in 1994 to record their second album: The Bends. The album would see an increased confidence in the band and further experimentation using more keyboards and complex guitar parts. The Bends would finally give the band both critical and commercial success.

From here Radiohead became more and more popular as they further experimented with their sound. Radiohead would go onto release landmark albums such as Ok Computer in 1997 and Kid A in 2000. Radiohead are now widely known as one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed bands in the world.

Clases de Inglés en Sevilla

Oferta!

The Song

Today’s song is Fake Plastic Trees from The Bends, one of the band’s better known songs. I chose this song as it is a fairly slow song so the lyrics should be quite easy to follow. The song is a call against capitalism. Take a listen below!

 

The Lyrics

Her green plastic watering can
For her fake Chinese rubber plant
In the fake plastic earth
That she bought from a rubber man
In a town full of rubber plans
To get rid of itself

It wears her out, it wears her out
It wears her out, it wears her out

She lives with a broken man
A cracked polystyrene man
Who just crumbles and burns
He used to do surgery
For girls in the eighties
But gravity always wins

It wears him out, it wears him out
It wears him out, it wears

She looks like the real thing
She tastes like the real thing
My fake plastic love
But I can’t help the feeling
I could blow through the ceiling
If I just turn and run

And it wears me out, it wears me out
It wears me out, it wears me out

If I could be who you wanted
If I could be who you wanted all the time

All the time
All the time

Interesting Vocabulary

 

Watering Can – A container used to water plants.

Fake – Artificial/not genuine

Rubber – An elastic material made from latex.

To Get Rid of – To dispose of/lose something.

To Wear Out – To tire or exhaust somebody or something

Broken – Damaged

Polystyrene – A synthetic material.

Crumbles – To break or fall apart into small parts.

Surgery – Treatment of injuries and illnesses.

Gravity – A natural force which attracts a the body towards the earth.

Ceiling – The upper surface of a room.

6 Clothes & Fashion Related Phrasal Verbs

6 Clothes & Fashion Related Phrasal Verbs

As this week we have been discussing fashion trends, we thought we would share some of our favourite fashion related phrasal verbs with you! Remember that each of these can be used in a variety of different situations.

Sell Out – When a shop sells all of their stock of a particular item.

  • The clothes shop had sold out of their new summer t shirts.

Try On To test to see if a particular clothing item fits or looks good.

  • Before I buy any t shirts, I always try them on

Go With – For one item to suit or compliment another.

  • Whenever I buy a new top, I always think about whether or not it will go with my other clothes.

Take Back – To return an item after purchase.

  • I am going to take my jeans back to Zara because I found a hole in them.

Hang Up – To put something on a hanger or hook.

  • When I get home from work, I always hang up my clothes.

Put On – To wear something

  • Whenever I wake up in the morning, I always think about what clothes to put on.

Clases Particulares de Inglés en Sevilla

Lets see if you can put these phrasal verbs in context.

  • My new jeans are the wrong size so I need to________________.
  • My brown belt really__________ my brown shoes.
  • We need to get to the shop quickly all they will_________ of their stock.
  • I always_______ clothes before I buy them because I want to make sure they look good.
  • I_______ my clothes in the wardrobe.
  • Before bed I always_______ my pyjamas.

So What’s going on with Coronavirus?

So What's Going on With the Coronavirus?

Hi All!

Welcome to another edition of What’s Going on With… our English blog series which takes a look at what’s going on in the news today!

As I am sure you are aware, over the past few weeks there has been a global health crisis surrounding the Coronavirus in China. At the time of writing the virus has killed over 1400 people in mainland China and has infected more than 60,000 people worldwide. The situation has become so unstable that the World Health Organisation has declared a global health emergency! So how did we get to this point? In this blog post we are going to have a look at the timeline of events, there will be some questions at the end to make sure that you were paying attention!

 

Clases de Inglés Sevilla

On December 31st 2019 the Chinese government alerted the World Health Organisation to several cases of Pneumonia which had broken out in the Chinese city of Wuhan in the Hubei province of China. Many of the infected people worked at the city’s seafood market. As a safety precaution the market was shut down on the 1st January 2020.

Originally it was suspected that this outbreak was a resurgence of SARS, another illness which had originated in China in 2002, however this was later dismissed. On the 7th January it was announced that a new virus had been detected and named 2019-nCoV belonging to the Coronavirus family, the same family which includes SARS and the common cold.

On January 11th it was announced that the 2019-nCoV had claimed it’s first fatality, a 61 year old man who had shopped at the seafood market in Wuhan. A couple of days later on January 13th the virus had spread to Thailand. And on January 16th Japan declared that they also had a confirmed case of the Coronavirus.

As the situation escalated the United States health authorities announced that they would begin testing passengers arriving in from Wuhan. Many Asian countries followed the United States and announced that they would also be examining anybody arriving from high risk areas in China. By late January many European airports were also carrying out similar checks from passengers arriving from Wuhan.

As the disease spread further and the death toll continued to rise, Beijing announced that they would be cancelling events for the Lunar New Year starting on the 25th January. By January 24th 26 people had died from the virus in China and over 830 people had been infected. As a result the Chinese government put 13 cities in Hubei province, including Wuhan, under lockdown affecting 41 million people in China.

As a further precaution against the virus spreading, the Chinese government announced that it would be closing down Shanghai Disney World along with several other entertainment venues including a section of the Great Wall. By the 25th January 56 million people had been affected by the virus as the Chinese government announced travel restrictions in another 5 cities in Hubei province.

The virus continued to spread throughout China, on the 30th January the World Health Organisation announced that the virus had spread to all 31 provinces of China and had killed 170 people in the country. As a result the World Health Organisation announced that the Coronavirus was now officially a global emergency. On January 31st Russia, Spain, the United Kingdom and Sweden all confirmed their first cases of the virus.

On the 2nd February the first Coronavirus related death outside of China was confirmed in the Philippines. At this point the death toll in China had risen to 304 with 14,380 infected. The next day on the 3rd February the Chinese government announced another 57 deaths from the virus, bringing the total up to 361.

The global infected and death rates continued to grow. On the February 7th Li Wenliang, a doctor who had first brought attention to the virus died. Wenliang had previously been arrested by the Chinese government on the 3rd February for ‘spreading false information about the virus.’ After being released Wenliang returned to work where he contracted the virus.

On February 8th an American citizen died in Wuhan, the first foreign national to be killed by the virus. February 10th would see the deadliest day of the virus outbreak to that point with 97 new deaths reported bringing the total confirmed death count up to 908. In order to avoid confusion the World Health Organisation decided to officially name the new virus Covid-19.

At the time of writing the Coronavirus virus has claimed more lives than during the SARS epidemic in 2002-2003. The past few days have seen the deadliest days of the virus so far. The World Health Organisation is still unable to contain the virus as the number of those affected and the death rate continues to rise.

Let's see how much you remember!

  • Where did the first outbreak of Coronavirus occur?
  • What disease did people first think the Coronavirus was?
  • Who was the first victim of the Coronavirus?
  • Which was the first country outside of China to have the Coronavirus?
  • What safety precautions did US airports take to try and prevent the spread of the virus?
  • What event did Beijin cancel as a preventative measure against the virus?
  • Which entertainment venues did China close down in order to further prevent the spread of the virus?
  • Why was Li Wenliang arrested?
  • What did the World Health Organisation change the name of the Coronavirus to in order to avoid confusion?

When to use Who, Whom & Whose

When to use Who, Whom & Whose

Hi Guys

Today we are going to look at the difference between who, whose & whom. This can be tricky even for native speakers so you might not get it right away. Luckily the vast majority of native speakers don’t actually tend to bother using ‘whom’ as it is quite an old fashioned and overly formal word. That said, many non native speakers are interested in the difference between them so we thought we would create this handy blog post.

When to use Who

We use who to refer to the subject of a sentence (or the doer/described.) In these sentences the verb usually follows the word who. Eg:

  • The policeman who chased the criminal.

When to use Whom

We use whom to refer to the object of a sentence (or the receiver/ the description.) In these sentences the subject usually follows the word whom. Eg:

  • The criminal whom the policeman chased.

Whom is particularly difficult to use correctly. It is very old and outdated and is not often used by native speakers. The main thing to remember with whom is that it is an object pronoun like him, her or us.

When to use Whose

We use whose when talking about possessions (or when something belongs to somebody else.) Usually in these sentences the possession follows on from the word whose. Eg:

  • Grandma whose necklace was stolen.

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Clases de Inglés en Sevilla

Ofertas!

Let’s see if you can put it into practice. Fill in the gaps with either who, whom or whose

  1. ____ directed the film?
  2. _____ will he ask to the party?
  3. ______ car is parked in front of the entrance?
  4. From _______ did you get the information?
  5. We’re driving to the city. ____ wants to come with us?
  6. I have no idea ____ said that about you to me.
  7. Do you know _____ that child is?
  8. I would love to meet the author ____ wrote this book.
  9. ____ were you referring to in the email?