10 Law & Legal Related Idioms

10 Law & Legal Related Idioms

Hello Teachifyers!

In today’s blog post we are going to be taking a look at 10 useful law and legal related idioms. As always you can use each of these colloquial expressions in a variety of different ways.

 

 

1. A Law Unto Themselves

If somebody is a law unto themselves, it means that they follow their own rules instead of doing what other people say.

  • John is a law unto himself , the teacher’s can never get him to do what they want at school.

2. Above Board

If something is above board it means that it is all completely legal and honest.

  • The investigator wanted to confirm that Christiano Ronaldo’s tax records were above board.

3. To Cook the Books

Cooking the books means to falsify numbers or reports.

  • The accountant was arrested for cooking the books. He was found guilty of fraud.

 

4. Mend Your Ways

To mend your ways means to correct your behavior and stop breaking the law/rules.  

  • John really mended his ways after going to prison.

5. Caught Red Handed

To be caught whist in the act of doing a crime.

  • The defendant is definitely guilty of the crime, he was caught red handed.

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6. Grease Someone's Palm

To pay somebody money or a bribe in exchange for a favour.

  • The only way to get anything done around here is to grease some palms.

7. Red Tape

Bureaucratic rules and regulations which make things take longer than they should.

  • The problem with Spain is that there is so much red tape around every bureaucratic procedure, it takes forever to get anything done.

8. To Beat the Rap

To be found innocent of a crime.

  • Although all evidence pointed to Peter committing the crime, he somehow managed to beat the rap.

9. A Slap on the Wrist

When somebody is given a light punishment for a crime.

  • The crime wasn’t so serious so the judge gave the defendant a slap on the wrist.

10. Fall From Grace

When a once highly regarded person loses a lot of respect from their peers.

  • Simon had a real fall from grace after his drunk driving incident. 

Jack’s Xmas Music Box: Wham! – Last Christmas

Jack's Xmas Music Box : Wham! - Last Christmas

Hi Guys!

In today’s extra special festive edition of Jack’s Music Box, we are going to be taking a look at Wham’s Christmas classic: Last Christmas!

About the Artist

George Michael and Andrew Ridgely originally formed Wham! in Watford in 1981. They decided on the name ‘Wham!’ because they felt it best represented the energy possessed by the duo. In 1982 Wham! were offered a record deal with Innervision records. They released their first single Wham Rap (enjoy what you do) that same year. Their performance of the song Young Guns (Go for it) on top of the pops (a british music televison show) gained them a large following from teenage girls. By the end of 1983 Wham! were one of the top pop acts in the UK.

By 1984 the duo began to move away from their fun-loving party-animal image and began writing more mature songs such as Careless Whisper and Freedom. 

In December 1984 the band released the double A side Last Christmas/Everything She Wants which became the highest selling single to ever peak an No. 2 on the UK charts. 

The band would have continued success over the next few years embarking on a lengthy world tour and appearing at Live Aid in 1985. 

In 1986 the band broke up as George Michael wished to focus more on creating more adult orientated songs and to shed his image as a teenage icon. 

About the Song

The song was written in George Michael’s childhood bedroom while the duo were visiting Michael’s parents. 

Last Christmas was released in December 1984. Unfortunately the song did not reach number 1 in the UK, however over the years has become one of the most played Christmas songs in the world. 

 

Take a listen to the song here:

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The Lyrics

Let’s take a look at the lyrics: 

Last Christmas
I gave you my heart
But the very next day you gave it away
This year
To save me from tears
I’ll give it to someone special

Last Christmas
I gave you my heart
But the very next day you gave it away
This year
To save me from tears
I’ll give it to someone special

Once bitten and twice shy
I keep my distance
But you still catch my eye
Tell me, baby
Do you recognize me?
Well, it’s been a year
It doesn’t surprise me

Merry Christmas

I wrapped it up and sent it
With a note saying “I love you”
I meant it
Now I know what a fool I’ve been
But if you kissed me now
I know you’d fool me again

Last Christmas
I gave you my heart
But the very next day you gave it away
This year
To save me from tears
I’ll give it to someone special

Last Christmas
I gave you my heart
But the very next day you gave it away
This year
To save me from tears
I’ll give it to someone special

Oh, oh, baby

A crowded room
Friends with tired eyes
I’m hiding from you
And your soul of ice
My god, I thought you were someone to rely on
Me? I guess I was a shoulder to cry on

A face on a lover with a fire in his heart
A man under cover, but you tore me apart
Now I’ve found a real love. You’ll never fool me again

Last Christmas
I gave you my heart
But the very next day you gave it away
This year
To save me from tears
I’ll give it to someone special

Last Christmas
I gave you my heart
But the very next day you gave it away
This year
To save me from tears
I’ll give it to someone special

A face on a lover with a fire in his heart
I gave you my heart
A man under cover, but you tore him apart
Maybe next year I’ll give it to someone—
I’ll give it to someone special

Special
Someone
Someone
I’ll give it to someone—
I’ll give it to someone special

Who give me something in return
I’ll give it to someone—
Hold my heart and watch it burn
I’ll give it to someone—

I’ll give it to someone—
I’ll give it to someone special

I thought you were here to stay
How could you love me for a day
I thought you were someone special

Gave you my heart

I’ll give it to someone—
I’ll give it to someone—

Last Christmas
I gave you my heart
You gave it away

I’ll give it to someone—
I’ll give it to someone—

Interesting Vocabulary

  • Tears – Liquid which drips from ones eyes when they cry.
  • Heart – A vital organ which pumps blood around the body.
  • Bitten – To hold some thing with your mouth or jaw.
  • Shy – Timid
  • Note – A small piece of paper

What are Indirect Questions & How do we use them?

What are Indirect Questions & how do we use Them?

Hi Guys!

In today’s blog post we are going to be taking a look at ‘indirect questions’ and how we can use them.

First things first, what is an indirect question? Simply put, we use indirect questions when we want to be polite. We use indirect questions a lot in English, especially when we are talking to people we don’t know. Take a look at the following example:

  • Direct Question: What is her name?
  • Indirect QuestionCan you tell me what her name is?

Notice how direct the first question is, in English you have to be slightly careful as asking a question this way could be considered rude! 

Another thing we need to know about indirect questions is that we do not need to invert the is like we do with direct questions. For Example

  • Direct: Where is Jack?
  • Indirect: Do you know where Jack is?

To make a Yes/No question we need to use “if ” along with the word order of a normal positive sentence.

  • Direct: Is Dave there?
  • Indirect: Do you know if Dave is there?

I hope that you have found this post helpful!

 

Teachify Case Studies – Nike

Teachify Case Studies - Nike

Hi Guys!

In today’s Teachify case study we are going to be taking a look at Nike, the largest sports brand in the world!

The company was originally founded in 1964 in Eugene, Oregon by athlete Phil Knight and his coach, Bill Bowerman as Blue Ribbon Sports. In the beginning Blue Ribbon Sports was a distributor for Japanese shoe manufacturers Onitsuka Tiger. Within its first year Blue Ribbon Sports had sold over 1,300 pairs of Onitsuka Tiger running shoes and by 1966 they had opened their first retail shop in California. The following year, due to the company’s continued successes they expanded their operation out to Massachusetts.

In 1971 Blue Ribbon Sports and Onitsuka Tiger decided to end their partnership. It was at this point that the name Blue Ribbon Sports was dropped and replaced with the name ‘Nike.’ Another important development at this time was the introduction of the ‘swoosh’ logo.

The Famous Nike 'Swoosh' logo

Nike’s successes continued throughout the remainder of the 1970s. By the end of the decade Nike had a 50% market share in the North American sports shoe market. In December 1980 the company went public.

The 1980s was another very successful decade for Nike as they further expanded their range of products and their distribution network. In 1988 Nike adopted its now iconic slogan ‘Just Do It.’ Interestingly enough the inspiration for the slogan came from the final words of US murderer Gary Gilmore before he was exectued. 

Throughout the History of the company, Nike has acquired many apparel and footwear companies. These include Converse, Umbro and Starter. 

Although initially starting as a footwear manufacturer they have gone on to create apparel for a variety of different sports including football, hockey and basketball. In addition, the Nike trademark has also become a very fashionable brand. Nike’s reputation as a fashionable brand began in the 1980s as many young people began wearing Nike tracksuits and baseball caps.

Despite Nike’s numerous successes they have received widespread criticism for their use of sweatshops in countries like China and Mexico to manufacture their clothing items. It has been claimed that these sweatshops violate various minimum wage and overtime laws. Nike has stated that these practices stopped in 1996, however there are many sources who claim the opposite.  

Nike has also received criticism for its connection to the paradise papers scandal. In 2017 confidential documents were discovered which revealed that many companies including Nike had been using off shore accounts to avoid paying taxes. 

That said, despite these criticisms of the company, Nike continues to thrive and is still the most popular sports brand today.

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Ofertas!

Now, let's see what you can remember!

  1. Who started the Nike brand?
  2. Until 1971 which sports brand was ‘Blue Ribbon Sports’ partnered with?
  3. In which year did Nike go public?
  4. Who was the inspiration for the ‘Just Do It’ slogan?
  5. Which Nike products became more fashionable in the 1980s?
  6. What has Nike received criticism for in the past?

How to use the Third Conditional

How to use the Third Conditional

 

 

Hi Guys!

Today we are going to be taking a look at the third conditional. The third conditional is a bit more difficult than 0,1st and 2nd however it will go a long way in making you sound more like a native.

So When do we use the Third Conditional?

Normally we us the Third Conditional to talk about the consequences of a real life or hypothetical situation in the past. We often use the Third Conditional to talk about past regrets 

For example: 

  • If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam.
So this example talks about a hypothetical situation different from reality where the speaker had studied harder for the exam. The result of this hypothetical action would be the speaker passing the exam. 

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So how do we use the Third Conditional?

So essentially, to create a sentence in the third conditional we use If + past perfect, would/wouldn’t have + past participle

So for example

  • If you had told me about the party, I would have come.

Like other conditionals, you can also invert the structure making it:

  • I would have come if you would have told me about the party. 

Another thing to note is that I would is normally contracted to I’d and you would to you’d by native speakers so:

  • I’d have come if you’d have told me about the party.

I hope that you this post was helpful. If you have any questions leave a comment below!