When to use Who, Whom & Whose

When to use Who, Whom & Whose

Hi Guys

Today we are going to look at the difference between who, whose & whom. This can be tricky even for native speakers so you might not get it right away. Luckily the vast majority of native speakers don’t actually tend to bother using ‘whom’ as it is quite an old fashioned and overly formal word. That said, many non native speakers are interested in the difference between them so we thought we would create this handy blog post.

When to use Who

We use who to refer to the subject of a sentence (or the doer/described.) In these sentences the verb usually follows the word who. Eg:

  • The policeman who chased the criminal.

When to use Whom

We use whom to refer to the object of a sentence (or the receiver/ the description.) In these sentences the subject usually follows the word whom. Eg:

  • The criminal whom the policeman chased.

Whom is particularly difficult to use correctly. It is very old and outdated and is not often used by native speakers. The main thing to remember with whom is that it is an object pronoun like him, her or us.

When to use Whose

We use whose when talking about possessions (or when something belongs to somebody else.) Usually in these sentences the possession follows on from the word whose. Eg:

  • Grandma whose necklace was stolen.


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Let’s see if you can put it into practice. Fill in the gaps with either who, whom or whose

  1. ____ directed the film?
  2. _____ will he ask to the party?
  3. ______ car is parked in front of the entrance?
  4. From _______ did you get the information?
  5. We’re driving to the city. ____ wants to come with us?
  6. I have no idea ____ said that about you to me.
  7. Do you know _____ that child is?
  8. I would love to meet the author ____ wrote this book.
  9. ____ were you referring to in the email?

5 Money Related Phrasal Verbs

5 Money Related Phrasal Verbs

As Money is our topic of the month we thought that we would share some useful money related phrasal verbs.

Rake In – to make a lot of money.

  • With their integrated ad campaign Youtube is raking in the cash

Shell out – to spend a lot of money.

  • John’s car has broken down so he has to shell out to get it repaired.

Cough Up – to provide money.

  • Every month I have to cough up £700 rent.

Put aside – To save something for later.

  • Every month I put aside £100 into my savings account.

Run Over – To exceed a planned amount of money or time.

  • The housing project has run over the original budget.

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See if you can fill in the gaps with the correct phrasal verb.

My boiler broke down so now I have to__________           £500 to get it repaired!

I want to buy a house so I have been____________ money from every pay cheque.

I have been _________  money with my new job!

After I broke my friends window I had to________ the money to replace it.

I’m afraid the meeting has_________by 20 minutes, we’ll have to leave the room.




How to Stick to Your English Learning New Years Resolutions

How to Stick to Your English Learning New Years Resolutions

New years resolutions are notoriously difficult to stick to. A year is a long time to commit to anything and language learning is no exception! That said, a new years resolution can also provide you with a fantastic opportunity to get inspired and achieve your goals.

Check out these tips to ensure that you are on the right track to achieve your 2020 goals.

1. Choose a sensible resolution

Firstly you need a goal to shoot for. Maybe start by thinking about the things you can do well in English and things that you need help with. A key thing to remember is that little and often is the most effective way to study.

It’s best to Choose something that you can measure, for example: this year I want to spend 5 mins listening to English podcasts a day. Once you have decided on your resolution, make sure that you write it down, some people even find signing a contract with themselves helps them stick to their objectives.

2. Don’t put yourself under too much pressure

Remember, New year’s day is just another day and January is just another month! Don’t put too much of an emphasis on it being a brand new start. It’s very easy to get ahead of yourself in the beginning and demanding too much from yourself. Instead, think of your new year’s resolution as a catalyst for change in the long term rather than a brand new start.

3. Ensure that you aren’t choosing the same resolutions every year

This one is especially important if you have had trouble keeping resolutions in the past!

Make sure you choose something realistic. Start small and achievable, for example if you want to start watching more tv series in English, you could start by watching 1 episode per week.

Another key thing to remember is to make sure your goals are compatible with your lifestyle. If you work long hours and are likely to be tired after work it might be best to do your English studying in the morning while you are fresh before work.

4. Don’t be afraid to make more resolutions

Following on from this, If things are going well and you feel good about other aspects of your language progress why not take on an additional resolution as well.

Using the same example as the previous point, if your resolution was to watch more tv series in English and you are finding this easy and unchallenging then why not graduate to watching whole entire films instead?

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5. Regularly review your resolution

On the other hand, if you find that you aren’t sticking to your resolution you need to ask yourself why? It could be that you are too busy, or that you were to unrealistic with your objectives in the first place. Remember, making a minor adjustment could be the key to successfully completing your objectives or just giving up completely.

6. Find somebody to support you and keep you focused on your goal

This could be anybody, a family member, partner, friend etc.. Or even better find someone else who is learning English and tackle your resolutions together! This way you will be less likely to give up on your objectives as it would mean disappointing somebody else.

7. Don’t lose motivation.

Instead of thinking about how much effort you are putting into your new years resolution, think of the benefits you are receiving.

To further motivate yourself you could even reward yourself to stay motivated! This could be a great excuse for you to splurge on that holiday to London you’ve always wanted to do. Treats are always much better enjoyed when they have been earnt!

8. Don’t stop at 2021

If things are going well why stop? Now that you have made space in your life why not keep it up throughout 2021 and beyond!

8 Alternative Ways to Describe Common Emotions.

8 Alternative Ways to Describe Common Emotions

Hi guys!

As Emotions is our topic of the month, we thought that we would share with you some colloquial alternative ways to describe common emotions. The following examples are great for making yourself sound more conversational when you are speaking English.

1. Knackered

To be very tired. For example,

  • You look absolutely knackered after running that marathon.

2. Scared Stiff

To be very scared or afraid. For Example,

  • She was scared stiff of flying.

3. Cross

To be Angry. For example,

  • Your mother will be cross with you if you eat too many biscuits.

4. Mortified

To be very embarrassed. For example,

  • She was absolutely mortified to see her wrinkles in the mirror.

5. Over the Moon

To be very happy. For example, 

  • She was over the moon when she won the lottery.

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6. Downhearted

To be sad or in low spirits. For example,

  • Real Betis’ fans must have been downhearted after their team lost.

7. Mad

To be angry/crazy. For example,

  • Sally was really mad at Tom for not doing the washing up.

8. Perplexed

To be confused. For example,

  • The rest of the European Union seem perplexed by Brexit.


I hope that you found this post helpful, if you have any questions don’t hesitate to leave a comment below:

Teachify Teacher Chit Chat – Tourism

Teachify Teacher Chit Chat - Tourism

Welcome back to our monthly chitchat everybody and I hope you’re delighted to watch us having another silly chat, you must know by now, but in this episode you’ll see Lewis and Mickey having a good old chitchat about our monthly topic, Tourism. 

To kick off the conversation, Mickey told us about his experience with virtual reality with rollercoasters and a medieval tour of Seville with one of our clients, Past View Experience.  If you haven’t heard of them, then I strongly recommend you check them out for an immersing experience taking a glimpse of what Seville was like hundreds of years ago.

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Following on from that, you will be able to observe an interesting game of would you rather.  For those of you that don’t know this activity, would you rather is another way of saying would you prefer and we use it to answer some dilemmas of would we would prefer to do.  For example, would you rather go backpacking around Asia or go on a luxury cruise ship in the Mediterranean sea.  Let us know which option you would go for! 

Play Video

If this introduction has sparked your interest then I suggest you watch our chitchat right now, what are you waiting for? I know I’m looking forward to hearing from you to see what you think of our discussion. 

Last but not least, below you can find some synonyms and examples of a few of the more complicated words and phrases we used. 


Useful Vocabulary

Seamless = smooth.  “Wow, that was a seamless transition from coal to renewable energy.”

Go backpacking = to travel on a limited budget using a big backpack.  “I went backpacking around South East Asia when I was 24.”

Without a shadow of a doubt = no doubt.  “Yes, I would do that…without a shadow of a doubt.”

Get travel sick or sea sick = become ill because of movement or motion.  “I get travel sick so I would prefer to go wine tasting.”

Get into something = become interested in something.  “I’m getting into wines at the moment because two of our teachers really like wine.”

To look forward to + noun/ing = to be excited about something.  “I am looking forward to going home for Christmas.”

To set off = to begin a journey or depart.  “I’ll be there in 30 minutes, I’m just setting off now.” (I’m leaving my house.)